President Jokowi’s public communication directly to contact with the Papuan people carries a positive message. Internal ministries/institutions also required to be more thoughtful and determined in interpreting and managing various policy that has been put by President Jokowi in the last 3 years. To bring the welfare in Papua, his first touch is to accommodate the approach on conceptual development based on the respective cultural areas. His second approach is by encourageing the regional approach
President Jokowi has been taking several touches to bring prosperity to the Papuan People. Here, we summarize it by five touches. The first until and second touch will explain in this article, whereas the rest touches will be explained in the next article (President Jokowi’s Touch in the Land of Papua (Part 2))
Managing Papua is not easy. With a specific context and a multidimensional nature, undoubtedly, it takes patience in touching the Papuan, especially the Indigenous Papua. However, the state measures must ongoing in the midst of a highly dynamic, internationally, nationally and regionally strategic environment.
From the history of national development, every President of the Republic of Indonesia, from President Sukarno to President Joko Widodo, was confronted with the agenda of managing Papua. Despite the differences in the policies and leadership style, all the country leaders have a primary commitment to actualize the promise of Independence 1945 to all corners of the country.
President Jokowi’s touch
Similarly, conducted by President Jokowi in managing Papua. President Jokowi’s public communication directly to contact with the Papuan people carries a positive message. Internal ministries/institutions also required to be more thoughtful and determined in interpreting and managing various policy that has been put by President Jokowi in the last 3 years.
The first touch
President Jokowi accommodates the approach on conceptual development based on the respective cultural areas, which are Saereri, Anim-ha, Mee Pago, Laa Pago and Mamta) in the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015 – 2019. The development pattern adjustment stated in Presidential Regulation No. 2 of 2015. The change of sociologist-anthropological approach into technocratic planning is alongside with the primary idea of Papua Governor Lukas Enembe who is reorganizing the regional development of Papua. Therefore, in the context of policy implementation, the approach on that five cultural areas should be interpreted and implemented by Ministers, Directore General, Deputy and other executives in Ministries/Institutions to design more technical, in terms of sectoral and regional policy formulation, programs and projects, as well as specific budget formulations for Tanah Papua, so as to suit the needs and characteristics of the cultural areas.
The second touch
President Joko Widodo’s approach to the the lands in Papua by encourageing the regional approach. This strategy was chosen after considering various aspects, such as the vast territory of Papua, unevenly distributed populations, as well as the potential of strategically valued natural resources. For that, the clusters or regional corridors approach using inter-regional connectivity support is an appropriate measure.
Currently, the Government has established Bintuni Industrial Zone, Timika Industrial Estate, Merauke Food Center (KEK Merauke), Special Economic Zone (KEK) of Sorong and other potential areas. In particular, on 1st August 2016 President Joko Widodo ratified Government Regulation No. 31st of 2016 on the Special Economic Zone (KEK) of Sorong. With this KEK framework, the Government implements a number of fiscal and non-fiscal incentives to accelerate investment in the Sorong KEK. Alongside this policy, in 2014 – 2019, the Government give more attention towards 25 Disadvantaged Regions in Papua and 7 Disadvantaged Regencies in West Papua. Thus, this territorial strategy will connect economically strategic areas and underdeveloped areas in Papua.
Dr. Velix Wanggai
(Presidential Special Staff 2009-2014 concerning Provincial Development and Regional Autonomy, observer of Papua development)