The commitment to bridging the development disparity gap between the western and eastern parts of Indonesia emerged as a priority in the government’s development agenda. Achieving infrastructure development in the border areas and the outer islands of Indonesia are very important for the prosperity of the nation as a whole.
At present, the focus of the government is shifting towards the development of the Eastern Indonesia region, including the Papua region (Papua and West Papua). The Ministry of Villages, Disadvantages Regions and Transmigration (Kemendesa) efforts to achieve the target of poverty alleviation as mandated in the 2015-2019 National Mid-term Development Plan (RPJMN). In detail, the government is targeting as many as 80 disadvantaged regions out of a total of 122 districts as disadvantaged status to be an independent village. Recently, 50 districts are potential to come out of being left behind, two of which are districts in Papua; Biak Numfor and Yapen Islands Regency. Additionally, 13 districts have potential to be targeted in 2015-2019 RPJMN, they are : Keerom, Marauke, Supiori, Maybrat, South Sorong, Sarmi, Yalimo, Nabire, Teluk Wondama, Raja Ampat, Sorong, Jayawijaya and Waropen Regency. Those are regencies that closely meet the index classification (referring to the Villages Building Index (IDM)), that likely to escape the poverty line and become an independent village. Development of IDM is dedicated to strengthening the achievement of development goals priority, which is to reduce the number of disadvantaged villages and increase the number of the independent villages.
The activities’ assistance run under the Human Resources Development Directorate of Kemendesa was procuring health equipment to health community centers (Puskesmas); and provide adequate educational facilities and infrastructure in Sorong and Bintuni Bay district. Education and health issues are the main concerns in which targeted to raise the Human Development Index (IPM). In 2017, the main focus was on community empowerment training as an effort to achieve independent village. Through local production training, the program expected to create an independent community and improve local economy which became the focus of Local Economic Development Directorate.
In 2016, The Directorate of Local Economic Development provided assistance for home industry development in Raja Ampat Regency. Seafood processing is one of the growing industries in Raja Ampat which known for its richness of marine products. Household industries produced in the form of shredded fish, salted fish, fish crackers, shrimp crackers and others. Undeniably, the program is focused on leading commodities in each region, so it can be a superior product that can upgrade the economy for the local community. This is crucial for the people in the villages to develop the potentials of local based business.
The development of roads, seaports, electrical power, railways, air transportation, energy, telecommunicatioons, and informatics has been maintained to upgrade the living quality of the people in villages. When a development that prioritizes the marginalized villages and citizens is the root, the growing economic independence of its people later will become the foundation for the nation to prosper.
Keywords: Development, The Ministry of Villages, Disadvantages Regions and Transmigration, Kemendesa, Papua, West Papua, National Mid-term Development Plan, RPJMN, Poverty Alleviation, Independent Village Program, Villages Building Index
By: Riska Azizah Y. (MaCDIS Researcher)