Moile Tribal Maintains Forest Sustainability of West Papua

Moile Tribal Maintains Forest Sustainability of West Papua

The tribe of Moile is a local tribe and indigenous people with the clan Tibiay, Ayok, Mandacan, and so forth. This tribe lives in six districts in Manokwari District. The Moile tribal embraces the patrinial system. It is a system based on the lineage of male or paternal lineage. You can see this in the division of the inheritance, clan, and naming for the descendants of that tribe. This tribe has a close kinship so that this will form a good cooperation in life. The tribe uses a system of mutual cooperation to perform traditional ceremonies, make houses, and open plantation land.

Government System

The culture of the Moile tribe is still very strong. This is a valuable treasure for West Papua. This tribe still preserves the culture of the ancestors until now. This tribe has a kinship system. The system of government in this tribe does not recognize the head of a large tribe. This tribe only knows the leader of the tribe. There are several patterns of leadership applied by this tribe. Andigpoi is the highest authority in society. This leader can make decisions and make policy but the leader must also be responsible for the risks of the decision. Pinjoindig is a representative of Andigpoi. The scope of authority of this position should not exceed Andigpoi. Pinjo Pilei is a government representative directly to the community. Nikei is a judge in charge of assisting Andigpoi to resolve social issues in society. Usually, these social problems consist of customary disputes and pay a fine. Andigpoi’s position must be given to the most influential person to make a decision on a matter. Members of NIkei will be selected from Pinjoindiig and Andigpoi with special criteria. These criteria consist of not being emotional when solving problems, wise, experienced, and fair. This position should not take sides with others.

Main Activity

Moile tribe is in the forest that can meet daily needs. Forests are a source of food for this tribe. Forests can be used to build houses and make medicines. Forests have a mystical value for this tribe. Forests also have cultural and social values for human life. The tribe uses forests for several main activities such as taking wood, gathering, hunting, and farming. This activity has been done for many years in a very long time. Forest utilization activities have been inherited by ancestors for thousands of years. This activity is also done by Dayak, Indians, and Aborigines. In fact, this is an example of appropriate forest management because the tribe is not exploiting the forest.

Local Wisdom

The management activities have resulted in local wisdom. The wisdom has become part of the culture and life of the tribe. The forest continues to be well maintained. This tribe also maintains the rules, restrictions, and norms of society. Ig Ya Ser Hanjob is a rule used by this tribe to manage forests. This is the language of Hatam. Ig Ya is standing up. Ser is keeping and Hanjob is the limit. This rule says that this tribe should keep the boundary but this does not mean in a region but all aspects of life in that tribe. This is a value that has the meaning that all things have limits. If someone breaks the boundary, then this tribe believes that a great disaster will strike the man. This rule is the cornerstone of life for the tribe.

Local wisdom will confirm the biophysical and socio-cultural aspects. This is a foothold for other activities such as using wood, gathering, farming, and hunting. The principle of this tribe is to use the forest without destroying it. This tribe adheres to the goal that forest use is used for survival and preservation of forests. Farming activities are only done on farmland. Hunting is only done to search for animal protein. This tribe does not sell the meat. The mix is only done to make medicine and maintain health. Wood is only used to build houses.

This tribe also knows another culture called Henjabti. This is an activity done by awakening all family members at sunrise. It is a principle that states that human relationships must be well preserved. Man must be able to maintain harmony from that relationship. This is an oral tradition taught from the previous rule. This principle governs human relationships with nature. This principle also regulates the relationship between community and family members. Moile tribe children are taught to be wise, fair, and honest. Human life has limits and everyone has to keep the limits in order to gain peace.

Forest Management

Hans said that the region of this tribe has several parts. That part is called Bahamti. This is a jungle forest that is not used for gardening. Tumti is a forest that is on the top of a mountain with a steep path and cannot be accessed by this tribe. The zone is a forbidden zone because the area is a buffer forest. The forest is the backbone of landslides and floods so this tribe has never entered the area.