Bintuni Bay (Teluk Bintuni) is one of the regencies in West Papua. The width of the regency is 18,114 Km2 which made up 13.02% of the total area of West Papua. It is reported that there are 188,764 residents in Bintuni Bay with a density of 10.42 people per km2.
When the regency was formed back in 2003, it only had ten districts. But due to the rapid development in the area, now there are 24 districts in Bintuni Bay. Bintuni is the capital of this regency and it is also one of the most developed districts in Bintuni Bay. Even though in terms of development Bintuni is better than other districts, each and every district in this regency holds so many remarkable potentials. Here are the five best potentials of Bintuni Bay that have given big contribution to the regency itself, West Papua and also Indonesia.
Bintuni Bay is such a potential place for oil and gas exploration, especially LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas). Bintuni Bay is most famous as the location of LNG Tangguh, one of the biggest LNG projects in Indonesia. This LNG project is situated in Saengga, Babo and Tanah Merah, Bintuni Bay and it is approximated that the scale of the project is more than 18.3 trillion square feet. LNG production in Bintuni Bay really gives a huge contribution both to the province and national income. Besides LNG, Bintuni Bay is also rich in oil. Oil exploration area in this regency is situated in Bintuni district, Babo, Merdey and Arandey. Furthermore, Bintuni Bay is also rich in coal, quartz sand, clay and kaolin.
Even though Bintuni Bay is most popular for its LNG, let’s not forget that it also has amazing potentials in fishery. Due to its abundance fishery commodities, this sector is immortalized in the regency’s official symbol.
Bintuni Bay’s marine life and biodiversity is one of the best in West Papua and most of its residents also work in this sector. This regency is very famous for its pearl oyster cultivation and many people come to Bintuni Bay solely to look at the amazing pearl oyster cultivation site.
Most of the fishermen in Bintuni Bay still use traditional fishing methods and only 20% of the whole fishermen using motor boats. But despite of the traditional methods, Bintuni Bay fishermen still managed to catch 110 ton of fishery commodities every year. Oil sardines are the best fishery commodities from Bintuni Bay and at least 70 tons are caught every year. In addition, Bintuni Bay is also famous for its mackerels.
Most of the areas in Bintuni Bay might have been converted into oil and mining exploration site. However, this regency still has so many beautiful places that can be potential tourist destinations. Just like what the name suggests, Bintuni Bay is a perfect holiday destinations for those who love nature and marine life.
Tourists can visit Bintuni Bay nature reservation area that has beautiful mangroves. It is also a home for numerous species of birds and other wild animals like crocodile. The beauty of the nature is still highly preserved so it is the best place for tourists who want to enjoy natural scenery and fresh air. At this point, Bintuni Bay is indeed not the first place people want to visit when they come to West Papua. Unlike Sorong and its majestic Raja Ampat, Bintuni Bay’s tourism has not maximized to its full potentials, but it definitely has many promising tourism spots.
Bintuni Bay is also one of the most prominent rice producers in West Papua. In 2013, rice production in this regency increased by almost 30% compared to the previous years. Since then, rice production in Bintuni Bay keeps increasing in a steady pace. Besides rice, Bintuni Bay is also known as a producer of various types of sweet potatoes, corns and soybeans. But among all the agriculture commodities in Bintuni Bay, cassava is definitely the star. Every year, the regency can produce approximately 9 tons of cassava per hectare.
The runner up is sweet potato with over five tons produced per hectare while rice is the next in line with around four tons of productions per hectare. Meanwhile, the other agriculture commodities like soybeans and corns are only around one or two tons per hectare. There are many rooms for improvement in soybeans and corns productions, but at least at this point the corns and soybeans productions in Bintuni Bay are enough to satisfy local and national demands.
With the right management and support from the local and central government, Bintuni Bay truly can be a force to be reckoned with. There are still so many potentials from this regency that have yet to be explored. But with the rapid infrastructure development in West Papua in the past several years, those potentials definitely can be maximized.