Development Agenda: Energy Distribution for Papua and West Papua

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The Ministry of energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) continue to be committed to creating the equitable energy in all regions of Indonesia, including Papua and West Papua. Policy and program development infrastructure in the sectors of oil and Gas (migas), Electricity (gatrik) and Renewable Energy (EBT) became the focus of development and equitable distribution in eastern Indonesia in order to make energy affordable for the community.

Minister Jonan explained that the policy and development of ESDM sector in Eastern Indonesia are very real. In the oil and gas sector, for example, for the price of fuel oil (BBM) is the same as in Java Island, in Papua and West Papua province there are 33 districts built fuel dealer agencies until 2019.

“It currently operates in a total of 7 districts in Papua and West Papua, so the price is the same as Java Island. BBM One Price Policy is only transmitted to Oil and Solar Distributors Agencies (APMS). If it comes to retailers will definitely be more expensive “, said Minister Jonan.

In addition to the Fuel One Price policy, in the oil and gas development sector in Papua also through the development of infrastructure of the Municipal Gas Network. It is planned that in 2018 the Municipal Gas Network will be built in 2 locations with 11,500 household connections.

Energy distribution in East Indonesia is also focused on the New Renewable Energy sector (EBT). The development of EBT infrastructure in Papua and West Papua during 2012-2017 has resulted in 54 units of EBT Power Plant infrastructure, 390 units of PJU PV/Retrofit and 5,298 KW of 6.828 Head of Family (KK).

For the Electricity Sector, the ESDM Ministry has a strong commitment to developing Eastern Indonesia. Electricity development program in Papua and West Papua is targeted of 514 MW completed until 2019. In addition, the rural electricity program also continued to reach 186 thousand customers until 2019. The ESDM Minister also explained that the national electrification ratio in 2016 reached 91.16% or 59,656 megawatts (MW). However, there is still a village of 2,519 without electricity. The breakthrough is needed in order for the villages soon can enjoy the electricity.[1]

“In order for the entire community to enjoy the prosperity, the Government made various efforts, among others, to increase the national electrification ratio, suppress the energy subsidy as much as possible without sacrificing people’s purchasing power, infrastructure such as natural gas distribution network for households in various regions of Indonesia, “said the ESDM Minister Ignatius Jonan. The government from this year to 2019 will build no less than 29 power plants (20 plants in Papua and 9 generators in West Papua) are made from gas and coal.

To support the development of Papua and West Papua Provinces, the government currently allocates funds in the form of village funds, special allocation funds, general allocations and revenue sharing funds, for each to Rp 42 trillion and Rp 15 trillion.[2]

 Keywords: Papua, West Papua, Development Agenda, energy distribution, oil and gas, electricity, ESDM, fuel, EBT, infrastructure

Sakhiyatun K (MACDIS Researcher)

[1] Sujatmiko, Siaran Pers: Energi Berkeadilan untuk Papua dan Papua Barat, diakses dari laman–energi-berkeadilan-untuk-papua-dan-papua-barat pada 21/11/2017

[2] Heru Guntoro, Energi Berkeadilan, Kementerian ESDM Terus Kembangkan Potensi Energi di Papua, diakses dari laman pada 21/11/2017